China Government Employee Dataset – Republic of China (CGED-ROC)

We began construction of the CGED-ROC in late 2018 / early 2019 with two motivations.  On one hand, we wanted to compare Republican government employees with the CGED-Q,  and thereby better assess the continuity of government from late imperial to early modern times.  On the other hand, since the major employer of university graduates during this period was the public not the private sector, we also wanted to link government employees in the CGED-ROC with university students in the CUSD-ROC, and thus understand better the local origins and regional and national processes of state building and social stratification in China during the first half of the twentieth century.

We currently envisage the CGED-ROC to consist of three discrete parts.  The first part is to transcribe the《北洋政府职员录集成》which like the jinshenlu (縉紳錄) before it systematically lists every three months all Chinese government employees, in this case during the Beiyang government period from 1912-1924.

The second part is to collect and transcribe from the holdings of the Second Historical Archives in Nanjing similar sporadic lists of various central ministry employees such as the 國民政府各院部會科員以上職員錄 during the Nanjing government period from 1927-1949.

The third part is to focus on one specific branch of government, in this case the railroads, and compile similar lists of local and central railroad employees from such archival sources as the 交通部職員錄 and 鐵道部職員錄 for the entire first half of the twentieth century.

At the moment, the CGED-ROC consists almost entirely of parts two and three including 31,568 individual records of government officials working between 1911 and 1949, 9,988 from the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Defense, the Academia Sinica, and five administrative branches called Yuan named the Control, Examination, Executive, Judicial, and Legislative Yuan, and 21,580 from the Transportation and Railroad Ministries.  Common variables include name, sex, age, place of origin, education credentials, current employment and employment history.


Project Funding

The construction of the CGED-Q has been supported by the General Research Fund of the Hong Kong Research Grants Council Project Number 16602117 James Z. Lee PI (Co-I Cameron Campbell, Liang Chen), The Social and Spatial Origins of China’s Educated Elite: 1865-2014 and by funds from HKUST.

Data Access

While we plan to eventually make the CGED-ROC, like the CGED-Q, publicly accessible, since data construction is just beginning, this will be many years hence.