Abstract: This research examines how Latin American countries interacted with the Korean War from its outbreak in 1950 to 1957. This conflict was the first global struggle between communism and capitalism, and therefore, became the main stage that reshaped the new geopolitical environment of the early Cold War. Since all independent Latin American countries had been part of the establishment of the United Nations in 1945, they were able to use it as a framework to participate in the conflict in three different instances. At first, when the U.S. government pleaded that all states join its efforts with the UN in the Korean War, Latin American countries renegotiated and set boundaries in their relationship with the U.S. by committing to the war effort through means that suited their own national interests. When the war reached a stalemate and the discussions turned into how to find a middle ground for an armistice, once again Latin American countries used their power as neutral but U.S-oriented nations to play a substantial role in the writing of the final armistice, by proposing resolutions that deeply impacted the final result. And at last, in 1955, when ex-POWs from the Korean War saw themselves stranded in India in search of a country that would accept them, it was Latin American countries who negotiated with the UN and offered to receive sixty-nine of these men as their new citizens. These three different examples reveal that the Korean War had a large impact on Latin America, and that Latin American countries were responsible for influencing some remarkable questions in the Korean War. The progenies of this relationship were the Koreans and Chinese that ended up in Latin America and had their lives forever altered because of this relationship
Abstract: As a representative of contemporary new Confucianism, Tang Junyi 唐君毅 (1909 – 1978) holds the view inherited from the tradition of Mencius that human nature is good. The current academia has intensely researched his moral philosophies, but personally, his good human nature theory requires some more consolidation. This thesis adopts a four-step model: metaphysical ground, arguments on why human nature is good, reconciliation of evilness, and cultivation practice. I hope this thesis could provide a satisfactory analysis of Tang’s human nature theory and supplements the current research by answering some questions. Goodness has an essential value in Tang’s entire philosophy in that it grounds on the cosmological truth and a metaphysical noumenon of mind. Tang adopts moral feelings under conscious reflection as an intermediary in between to make the hanging value touchable. Speculatively, Tang argues for the naturalness and immediacy of moral feelings to strengthen the link to human nature. He interprets amorality and evilness in the way of goodness and appeals that they initially serve goodness. Practically, Tang admits the limitation of language and advocates cultivation as a necessary prescription to assist the understanding of good human nature. Furthermore, three significant attributes – transcendence, interaction, and unity of knowing and doing – will be discussed briefly, which may enhance our understanding of Tang’s theory.
Abstract This thesis studies Jìn Chinese entering tones, especially from the perspectives of acoustics, tonal typology, and tonal evolution. The “multi-register and four-level” tonal model, the universal tonal inventory, and the evolutionary comparative method are the main methodologies applied in this study. Base on the first-hand acoustic data collected from 64 localities of Bìngzhōu, Lǚliáng, and Shàngdǎng Jìn dialects, this study first describes the tonal patterns of non-entering tones and investigates the acoustic properties of entering tones. We find that the entering tones can be short or mid-short in duration; have level, falling or dipping contours; present different pitch heights; and most importantly, with the accompaniment of creaky voice phonation. Secondly, this study explores the evolutionary process of Lǚliáng entering tones. The Lǚliáng T4as have been evolving from a high tone to a low tone and from a short tone to a mid-short tone. The T4bs are now in a process of lengthening its duration from mid-short to long and raising the tonal head from low-dipping to back-dipping tone. Thirdly, this study offers an acoustic and phonological account for the “flip-flop” phenomenon of Jìn entering tones. The Bìngzhōu entering tones have a “Yīn-low vs. Yáng-high” contrast, which is opposite to the Lǚliáng “Yīn-high vs. Yáng-low” contrast. By reconstructing the evolutionary path for the two entering tones, we argue that the contrast of Bìngzhōu entering tones has evolved from that as seen in Lǚliáng. To sum up, through experimental, typological and evolutionary analyses of Bìngzhōu, Lǚliáng, and Shàngdǎng dialects, this study presents a linguistic depiction of both synchronic variation and diachronic evolution of Jìn entering tones.
3 July 2021 (Day 1) Keynote speech: 8:00-8:45am Professor Carlos Rojas - At Home in the World A – Humanism and Humanity 8:55-9:55 am Kun Qian The Unpassable Pass: Time, Humanity, and the Worlding of Transcendence in Lu Xun and Guo Moruo’s Fiction on Lao Zi Eileen Cheng Being Human in an Inhuman World: Lu Xun’s Morning Blossoms Gathered at Dusk Roy Chan Lu Xun’s “Severe Style”: Speculative Prose and the Decolonial Absolute B – Biopolitics and Animals 10:00-10:40 am Wenjin Cui The Will to Power and the Generation of a “New Life”: Lu Xun, Nietzsche and Mara Poetry Christopher Tong Lu Xun, Animals, and Anti-colonial Thought C – Visuality and Materiality 10:45-11:45 am Daniel M Dooghan Lu Xun, Influencer: Media, Mustaches, and the Making of a World Literary Celebrity Tim Shao-hung Teng Archeology of the eyeball: Lu Xun and “On Photography” Xiaoyu Xia Deckle-Edged Lu Xun: Stories from Overseas, the Revolution of the Book, and the Imagination of a New Readership 4 July 2021 (Day 2) D – East Asia and the Sinophone World 8:00-9:20am Jon von Kowallis Death in Semi-colonial Shanghai: the Real Story Joshua A Fogel Lu Xun and Japan Satoru Hashimoto Lu Xun, Takeuchi Yoshimi, and a World Literature Wayne Yeung Troubling the Empire of Intertextuality: Lu Xun’s Sinophone Reinscriptions E – Intertextuality and Close Reading 9:25-10:25 am Keru Cai Lu Xun’s Grabbist Realism: “Diary of a Madman” and its Russian Intertexts Chienyn Chi Lu Xun’s Man-Eating Discourse: Reading the Empire of Psychiatry in “A Madman’s Diary” Yueling Ji Translation, Europeanization, and Classical Chinese: A Stylistics of Old Tales Retold F – Translation and European Literature 10:30-11:50 am Xiaolu Ma Lu Xun’s Translation of Ivan Vazov via German Sources Cui Wendong Lu Xun’s Appropriation of Weltliteratur: Taking Collection of Foreign Fiction as an Example Audrey Heijns A History of Lu Xun’s Works in Dutch Translation Emily Graf The Conflicting Dynamics of World Literary Heritage: The Entangled Spaces of Lu Xun and Sándor Petőfi
Abstract: Focusing on the receptions and transformations of Dream of the Red Chamber (Honglou meng) in late Qing and modern China, this dissertation examines the ways in which this eighteenth-century literary canon was constantly being re-conceived, rewritten and reinvented during this momentous era. Through the delineation of the transformative role that Dream of the Red Chamber played in modern cultural production, this dissertation explores the intertwined critical issues concerning literary modernity, emotion, gender and modern culture. At a time of drastic cultural changes, Dream of the Red Chamber was not a static repertory, but rather it functioned as a dynamic discursive space that interacts with modern people’s feelings, thoughts, psychology, and the complexity of their historical situations. Through detailed analyses of the first-hand, original materials covering a range of literary and visual genres, this dissertation sheds new light on the roles of the canon and tradition in the formation of Chinese literary modernity.