Abstract Many social scientists have concluded that school improvement can have little effect on inequality in a world where enduring neighborhood and family inequality constrain the life chances of low-income children. In this lecture, the speaker will present new theory that explains a) why low-income children benefit more from early schooling than do high-income children; b) why this equalizing effect diminishes with child age; and c) why elementary school improvement can be a powerful strategy for reducing inequality. The theory is based on a counter-factual account of the consequences of school attendance. Empirical evidence on the expansion of schooling based on data from eight societies supports this theory. He will also share new evidence from two randomized trials that illustrate the potential power of ambitious pre-school and elementary school reform to promote the cognitive skills of low-income minority children. Desegregation of neighborhoods and schools, while desirable, is not necessary to produce these effects, which have theoretical implications for improving the health and well-being of children born in poverty. About the speaker Prof. Stephen Raudenbush received his EdD in Policy Analysis and Evaluation from Harvard University in 1984. He then joined the Michigan State University as an Assistant Professor in Research Design and Statistics and moved to the University of Michigan in 1998 as a Professor. In 2005, he joined the University of Chicago and is currently the Lewis-Sebring Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Sociology. Prof. Raudenbush’s research interest is in statistical models for child and youth development within social settings such as classrooms, schools, and neighborhoods. He is best known for his work on developing hierarchical linear models, with broad applications in the design and analysis of longitudinal and multilevel research. He is currently studying the development of literacy and math skills in early childhood with implications for instruction; methods for assessing school and classroom quality; and methods for heterogeneous effects of interventions. Prof. Raudenbush was elected a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences (2012), a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2001), and a Member of the US National Academy of Education (1998). He also received numerous awards including the Distinguished Contributions to Research in Education Award from the American Educational Research Association For attendees’ attention * Seating is on a first come, first served basis. * Light refreshments will be served from 4:30 to 5:00 pm.
Speakers' biography / 講者簡介 LIU Zaifu HKUST IAS Senior Visiting Fellow; Tin Ka Ping Distinguished Visiting Scholar of Chinese Literature LIU Zaifu is a renowned poet and contemporary Chinese literary critic scholar. He received his degree in Chinese literature from Xiamen University in 1963, and immediately joined the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing where he later served as the director of the Institute of Literature. He was Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago, the University of Stockholm and the University of Colorado. He also served as editor in chief of Wenxue Pinglun (Literary Review) and the co-author of Tradition and Chinese, Farewell Revolution, and Understanding Life Together. He is currently a Fellow at University of Colorado Boulder and Honorary Professor at City University of Hong Kong. Liu Zaifu has published more than 100 books, including scholarly works and collections of essays, some of his publications include A Biography of Lu Xun, Lu Xun and Natural Science, Lu Xun’s Aesthetics, The Theory of Character Organization, Farewell Gods, Twenty-Five Kinds of Men, and a five-volume series entitled Records of Exile. 劉再復 香港科技大學高等研究院資深訪問學人; 田家炳中國文學駐校傑出學人 1941年出生於福建南安劉林鄉。1963年畢業於廈門大學中文系。曾任中國社會科學院研究員，中國文學研究所所長，《文學評論》主編。曾在美國芝加哥大學、科羅拉多大學、瑞典斯德哥爾摩大學、加拿大卑詩大學、香港城市大學、台灣中央大學、東海大學等院校分別擔任客座教授、講座教授、名譽教授與訪問學者。著有《性格組合論》、《魯迅美學思想論稿》、《文學的反思》、《論中國文學》、《放逐諸神》、《傳統與中國人》、《罪與文學》（與林崗合著）、《現代文學諸子論》、《高行健論》、《告別革命》（與李澤厚合著）、《共鑒“五四”》、《紅樓四書》（《紅樓夢悟》、《共悟紅樓》、《紅樓人三十種解讀》、《紅樓哲學筆記》）、《李澤厚美學概論》、《雙典批判》、《思想者十八題》、《文學十八題》、《讀滄海》、《太陽‧土地‧人》、《人間‧慈母‧愛》、《人論二十五種》、《漂流手記》十卷、《師友紀事》、《人性諸相》等四十多部學術論著和散文集。作品已翻譯成英、日、韓、法等多種文字。劉教授現為香港科技大學賽馬會高等研究院資深訪問學人。 PAI Hsien-yung Contemporary Chinese Writer Born in 1937, PAI Hsien-yung migrated to Taiwan with his family after 1949 and eventually settled in the United States. His famous works include Crystal Boys, the first contemporary Chinese novel with an explicit gay theme, and various early short stories, essays as well as film scripts. In 2012, he also published a biography of his father, Pai Ch’ung-hsi (1893 – 1966), a famous general of the Anti-Japanese Resistance War. Pai Hsien-yung’s another widely acclaimed as a classic of contemporary fiction in Chinese, Taipei People, has been frequently compared to James Joyce’s Dubliners. Patrick Hanan praises the volume as “the highest achievement in the contemporary Chinese story.” Henry Miller considers Pai Hsien-yung “a master of portraiture.” His writings have been translated into French, German, Italian, Dutch, Hebrew, Japanese and Korean. 白先勇 當代著名作家 1937年生，廣西桂林人。臺大外文系畢業，愛荷華大學「作家工作室」(Writer’s Workshop) 文學創作碩士。 白先勇為北伐抗戰名將白崇禧之子，幼年居住於南寧、桂林，1944年逃難至重慶。抗戰勝利後曾移居南京、上海、漢口、廣州。1949年遷居香港，1952年到臺灣與父母團聚。1963年赴美留學、定居，1965年獲碩士學位，赴加州大學聖芭芭拉分校東亞語言文化系任教中國語言文學，1994年退休。1997年加州大學聖芭芭拉分校圖書館成立「白先勇資料特藏室」，收錄一生作品的各國譯本、相關資料與手稿。 白先勇是小說家、散文家、評論家、戲劇家，著作極豐，如短篇小說集《寂寞的十七歲》、《臺北人》、《紐約客》，長篇小說《孽子》，散文集《驀然回首》、《明星咖啡館》、《第六隻手指》、《樹猶如此》，舞臺劇劇本《遊園驚夢》、電影劇本《金大班的最後一夜》、《玉卿嫂》、《孤戀花》、《最後的貴族》等。兩岸均已出版《白先勇作品集》。關於白先勇文學創作的研究，兩岸均不斷有學者投入，人數眾多，面向多元，形成白先勇文學經典化現象。 2014年在臺灣大學開設《紅樓夢》導讀通識課程三個學期，將畢生對《紅樓夢》的鑽研體會，傾囊相授學子，深受兩岸學生歡迎。 About the Program The Chinese Creative Writing Program was first launched in 2013 at the HKUST Jockey Club Institute for Advanced Study. Chaired by Prof Liu Zaifu, a world-acclaimed literary theorist and critic, the program invites 3-4 Chinese contemporary writers, novelists, journalists or scholars to visit the HKUST every year. The Program supports humanities education at HKUST and provides a dialogue platform connecting audience with great contributors to Chinese literature. Through this creative experience, the Program highlights the glamour in Chinese literature and fosters creativity. For more information, please refer to the program website at http://ias.ust.hk/events/cwp. 關於中國文學創作研究專題 香港科技大學賽馬會高等研究院自2013年秋天開展了中國文學創作研究專題，由著名的文學理論家及評論家劉再復教授主持，計劃每年邀請三至四位蜚聲國際的中國當代作家及學者來駐校訪問。項目為促進香港科技大學的人文科學教育，讓師生有機會跟世界級的一流文學大師當面對話與接觸，從而體會中國現當代文學的魅力，並開發自我創作的潛力，體會多彩和詩意的文學想象世界。 詳情請參閱本研究專題網站 http://ias.ust.hk/events/cwp。
GIDEON ARAN is the 2019 Elman Family Visiting Professor in Jewish and Israeli Studies at HKUST, and professor (emeritus) of Sociology & Anthropology at The Hebrew University, Jerusalem. His fields of academic interest are Israeli Society, Religion, Radicalism, and Violence. Aran's latest publications include: Kookism: The Roots of Jewish Settlement in the West Bank; "Religious Violence in Judaism"; "Ideal–Type of Terrorism"; "Blasphemy". His most recent book is The Smile of the Human Bomb: New Perspectives on Suicide Terrorism (Cornell University Press, 2018). Currently conducting research on Death Priests. Studied at Hebrew University (B.A., Ph.D.), University of Chicago (M.A.) and Princeton University (Post-Doc). Active affiliate of the Fundamentalism Project of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Visiting professor at University of California Berkeley, Notre Dame University, Sydney University, and NYU. Gideon Aran's presentation (in English) will focus on the case of the Palestinian Suicide Terrorism in Israel. It is based on extensive anthropological field-study conducted during the Intifada (2000-2005). An attempt will be made to offer an alternative definition of suicide terrorism, and to clarify its distinct and unprecedented characteristics.
Abstract Five years is a fleeting moment in world history and it may be premature to make judgments about the long-term sustainability of what China is doing. It is possible that future political and economic factors may limit outcomes, causing China’s soft-power strategy to fail. History also testifies that dominant powers do not willingly leave the stage to make way for brash new challengers. China’s Belt and Road Initiative may not transform the world or elevate China to superpower status, but it is innovative and has captured world attention; hence more needs to be learnt about its geopolitical, economic and cultural aspects as well as about the Chinese model of state capitalism. So far its investment blitzkrieg has grown from 50 partners to more than 80 governments and five Chinese provinces and many more countries are waiting to join. In the first five years, China has built nearly 200 hydroelectric dams worldwide, 41 gas and oil pipelines, and 203 railway lines, roads and bridges in Africa and South and Central Asia. China has also invested in green energy, public health, new information technologies, a digital city and an assemblage of oceangoing ports often called its “string of maritime pearls”. This seminar aims to provide the badly needed information and answer a fundamental question: is it within China’s reach to remake the global economy organised around its core interests? Or, will China inevitably stall in mid-flight trying to do something seemingly implausible? Bio Daniel Drache is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at York University, Toronto and Senior Research Fellow, the Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies. His work focuses on understanding the changing character of the globalisation narrative in its economic, social and cultural dimensions. He has worked extensively on the WTO's failed Doha Round with particular focus on food security and nutrition, and poverty eradication. He published extensively on North American integration and NAFTA. He is also lectured most recently on the “Canada European Free Trade Agreement: Ought We Be Worried?” At King’s College London 2016. He has just published with Lesley Jacobs eds. Grey Zones in International Economic Law and Global Governance, UBC Press, 2018 and Daniel Drache and Lesley A. Jacobs (eds). Linking Global Trade and Human Rights: New Policy Space in Hard Economic Times. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2014. Currently, he has completed a major research project, One Road, Many Dreams – Beijing’s Bold Plans to Remake the Global Economy, London: Bloomsbury, May, 2019 (forthcoming). In all he has published over 20 books with major publishing houses. His work has been recognised internationally and he has held numerous visiting appointments around the world including Beihang University, Wuhan University, Fudan University, JNU, New Delhi, Kings College London , the European University Institute, Florence, CEPREMAP-CNRS, Paris, the University of Western Sydney, Arizona State University and UNAM, Mexico. Faculty host: David Zweig (email@example.com)