Events & Seminars

HUMA MPhil Thesis Presentation
Experiencing Colonial Modernity: Mainland Travellers in Hong Kong, 1919-37 體驗殖民現代性: 中國大陸遊客在香港(1919-37)(Friday 17 May 2019)

Abstract

 

This thesis investigates the mainland Chinese travellers’ observations, perceptions, and interpretation about Hong Kong, as a modern city developed under the British colonial rule, from a nationalistic perspective in the 1920-30s. Since the 1990s, scholars of Hong Kong cultural studies have started to study Chinese nationalistic imagination about the city of Hong Kong. Most of the discussions raised by these scholars were about how those visiting mainland Chinese intellectuals criticized Hong Kong’s various features which were, in their understanding, contradicting with the Chinese national interests and ethnic identity (e.g. that the Hong Kong Chinese never felt themselves belonging to China). They did not pay much attention to how those mainland Chinese intellectuals observed and engaged with the modern features of colonial Hong Kong. Moreover, those historical materials to which they referred are mostly from a book published in the early-1980s that complied of some forty pieces of Chinese intellectuals’ writings written between the 1920s and 1941, and the views of these mainlander about Hong Kong were largely negative. By utilizing a wider source or evidence, many of them have not been cited before, this thesis elaborates diversified experiences of mainland travellers in Hong Kong. It argues that Hong Kong’s modern features not only brought the mainland travellers sensational stimulation, but also took Hong Kong as their learning target in terms of civic culture, business operation, etc.; the viewpoints and attitudes of mainland travellers’ towards Hong Kong were more complicated than what many scholars have suggested in the past. Furthermore, travelogues sometimes contained incorrect information about Hong Kong and travellers also wrote with cultural or political bias. By referring to historical materials of Hong Kong, this thesis reviews these mainland traveller’ writings to see how much of those writings about Hong Kong are factually correct.

 

 

摘要 

 

本文旨在探究1920年代至1930年代中國內地遊客如何觀察、認知及理解香港這個在英國殖民管治下發展的現代化城市。自1990年代起,香港文化研究學者開始探索1920年代至日本侵略香港前夕(1941年)中華國族主義者對香港的想像,惟當中大多以中國大陸知識份子如何批判香港一些與國族利益或國族道德互相衝突的特徵為重,對於這些知識份子如何觀察及想像香港的現代化城市一面卻只有零碎的討論。此外,這些學者所參考的文獻大多來自同一本在1980年代初出版、收錄四十多篇1925-41年期間由內地知識份子撰寫並與香港有關的文章的文集。故此,本文嘗試從一些過往學者未引用過的歷史資料中尋找案例,並加以分析,從而理解中國大陸遊客對於香港的現代化城市特徵的觀察及想像,並嘗試針對英國殖民者在引入現代化城市特徵到香港這個方面的領導角色所引起的中國大陸遊客的負面情緒與批判進行補充。本文認為,香港各種現代化城市特徵不但為中國大陸遊客帶來感官上的刺激,也成為一些來自中國大陸的遊客在個人行為、實業營辦等方面的學習對象,而中國大陸遊客批判香港的觀點亦比過往學者指出的更為複雜。另一方面,考慮到一些中國大陸遊客的旅遊紀錄可能存在一些資料上的錯誤及偏見,本文亦參考一些香港本地資料,指出這些旅遊紀錄於多大程度上合乎實際情況。

Speaker(s)
Mr. Po Ki YEUNG
Date
May 17, 2019 (Friday)
Time
3:00 pm
Venue
Room 3301, Academic Building (Lift 2)
Language
Putonghua