Chinese Culture Events & Activities

Seminar
Rescuing Autocracy from Itself: China’s Anti-Corruption Campaign

Abstract China’s unique system of hiring and promoting talented people within the state, under the supervision of the Communist Party, has been held up as an important institutional factor supporting its remarkably rapid and sustained economic growth. We explore this meritocracy argument in the context of Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s ongoing anti-corruption campaign. Some question the sincerity of the campaign, arguing that it is nothing but a cover for intra-elite struggle and a purge of Xi’s opponents. In this article, we use a dataset we have created to identify accused officials and map their connections. Our evidence supports the Party’s claim that the crackdown is primarily a sincere effort to cut down on the widespread corruption that was undermining its efforts to develop an effective meritocratic governing system. First, we visualize the “patron–client” network of all probed officials announced by the central government and identify the core targets of the anti-corruption campaign. Second, we use a recursive selection model to analyze who the campaign has targeted, providing evidence that even personal ties to top leaders have provided little protection. Finally, we show that, in the years leading up to the crackdown, the provinces later targeted had departed from the growth-oriented meritocratic selection procedures evident in other provinces. Bio Peter Lorentzen studies the political economy of development and authoritarian governance, with a focus on China. He has written on authoritarian media control strategies, the role of entrenched economic interests in blocking environmental governance reforms, the management of popular protest, and the rise of rights consciousness in China, among other topics. His research has appeared in the American Journal of Political Science, the China Quarterly, Genetics in Medicine, the Journal of Economic Growth, the Journal of Politics, the Journal of Theoretical Politics, Modern China, the Quarterly Journal of Political Science, and World Development. He received his PhD in Economic Analysis and Policy from Stanford University Graduate School of Business and is currently a member of the political science faculty at the University of California, Berkeley.

Speaker(s)
Prof. Peter Lorentzen
University of California, Berkeley
Date
June 5, 2017 (Monday)
Time
4:00 pm - 5:30 pm
Venue
Room 3301 (Lifts 17-18) Academic Building, HKUST

Seminar
粵語多模態語音資料庫建設及相關研究

摘要: 已有的粵語語音資料庫主要有兩類:一是面向語言學的粵語音檔庫,另一類是面向言語工程的粵語語音聲學資料庫。國際語料庫語言學界最近十幾年興起了一個新的研究方向——多模態語料庫語言學。基於不同感覺系統的材料、重點面向言語交際的多模態語料庫的建設受到越來越多領域專家的關注。但是迄今為止國際上還沒能形成一套大家都能接受的多模態語料庫建設的理論和方法。 我們從2015年開始運用多模態語音研究的理論和方法來構建粵語多模態語音資料庫。資料庫採錄的內容按文體風格分為朗讀、口語和藝術三大類,所有內容都是在錄音室內通過呼吸帶、喉頭儀(EGG)、麥克風、高清數位影像錄影機等設備同步採錄的,資料信號類型包括語音聲學信號、生理呼吸信號、聲門電子阻抗信號和視頻圖像信號。利用團隊成員自行開發的軟體實現對以上資料的同步標注和分析。 目前我們正在開展的粵語語音多模態研究有兩項:一是粵語吟誦和朗讀古典詩詞的多模態研究;二是粵語聲調的多模態研究。前者主要利用聲學上的語音停延參數和生理上的呼吸重置參數研究粵語吟誦和朗讀古典詩詞時的韻律特徵;後者主要研究粵語不同人群在聲帶正常和臨床狀態下的粵語聲調表現,藉以研究粵語聲調的聲學特徵和嗓音類型。第一項研究已初步完成,第二項研究還在進行當中。 演講者簡介: 侯興泉教授任教于暨南大學中文系,兼任暨南大學語言資源保護暨協同研創中心副主任。主要研究方向為漢語方言學,現代語音學及音系學,社會語言學,中文資訊處理等。承擔國家社科、教育部等多項課題。出版專著一本,並在《語言及語言學》、《中國語言》、《方言》、《民族語文》、《語言學論叢》等刊物上發表論文20多篇。

Speaker(s)
侯興泉教授
暨南大學
Date
May 29, 2017 (Monday)
Time
9:30 am - 11:30 am
Venue
3301室 (17-18號電梯)
Language
普通話

PhD Thesis Presentation
The Diachrony of Tone Sandhi: Evidence from Southern Min Chinese

Abstract: This dissertation provides a diachronic account of the tone sandhi of Southern Min Chinese (SM) on the basis of an in-depth investigation of the disyllabic final-prominent tone sandhi of 16 SM dialects. Most of the previous studies on SM tone sandhi adopted a synchronic perspective and put the main focus on the phonological alternations from citation tone to sandhi tone or vice versa. The explanatory power of these alternation-based analyses is rather limited as they all failed to accommodate the diversity of different SM tone sandhi patterns. What’s more, the assumption that SM tone sandhi alternation can be treated as generative process has been seriously challenged in the last two decades. In this dissertation, I present an extensive investigation on the areal variations of the final-prominent tone sandhi of SM, and provide for the first time an explicit and systematic diachronic explanation for these areal variations. 16 SM dialects’ tone sandhi patterns are discussed here and 10 of them are based on acoustic results drawn from first-hand data. I argue here that SM’s sandhi tones (i.e. non-final tones) and citation tones (and final tones as well) have been changing on divergent paths. Generally speaking, the change of non-final tones is reductive in nature: it tends to reduce the pitch excursion of contour tones and neutralize categories, and it is more prone to contextual effect than final tones (and citation tones) do. On the other hand, the change of final tones (and citation tones) can be characterized as a series of chain shifts, which is non-reductive in nature. It is this difference in direction of change that brings about the unnaturalness in the synchronic phonology of SM tone sandhi.

Speaker(s)
Ms. Qing LIN
Date
May 29, 2017 (Monday)
Time
2:00 pm
Venue
Room 3301, Academic Building (Lifts 17 - 18)
Language
English