Abstract: The Nanzhao (738-937) and Dali Kingdoms (937-1253) had a continuous history of over five centuries of an independent sovereignty separated from China. Situated at the frontier of a number of regional powers, they were noted for their strategic position, as well as their devotion to a form of esoteric Buddhism little known to us. The large amount of Sanskrit inscriptions and manuscripts excavated and discovered since the early 20th century attest to the unique Buddhist practices in the region during this period and beyond. Despite no systematic examination of these materials has been done, they are noteworthy given that very little original Sanskrit materials from China survived. Their provenance is also currently a topic of debate, as different scholars speculated their connection with a variety of Buddhist practices from China, India, Tibet, and even Southeast Asia. This lecture will give for the first time an overview of the extant materials and a preliminary decipherment of some key pieces which had escaped scholarly attention so far. By doing so, we hope to further our understanding of the complex ethnography and multicultural history of Yunnan. Biography: Bill M. Mak 麥文彪 completed his linguistic training at McGill University (B.A. Hons.) specializing in Sanskrit and East Asian languages and received his Ph.D. in Indian literature and Buddhist philology from Peking University. Mak held a number of research and teaching positions at Hamburg University, University of Hong Kong and Kyoto Sangyo University, before his current appointment as Associate Professor at Kyoto University. Among Mak’s academic interests are Sanskrit Buddhist literature, historical Sino-Indian relation and Indian astral science (jyotiṣa).
Abstract: What did “liberation (jiefang)”, the official interpretation of the Communist takeover of China, mean to common people? The present study aims to probe the human dimension of the Communist revolution by investigating the lived experiences of urban workers in the early People’s Republic (1949-1956), during which the Chinese Communist Party newly in power confronted the dilemma of establishing social control at local level: tens of thousands of working population became jobless and many more were hesitant to be part of the party’s agenda. Emphasizing the changes and conflicts at workplaces, it shows how political needs dictated the process of power consolidation and economic transformation for the party and in so doing, there did not emerge a unified consciousness of Chinese workers being the masters of new country. A result contractionary to the party’s stated goal, what developed instead were segments of workers identifying more with the types of works recognized by the state. True that not all workers experienced the period as personal liberation, but there was “liberation” of another kind, one that was commanded by the party and made possible by the participation of the workers themselves. “Liberation” as everyday experiences was diverse, and allowed those who could fit into the party’s agenda to distinguish the new age from the old. This study comprises of three parts: the first chapter examines how underground cadres paved the way for the Communist takeover and the role of trade unions; the second chapter examines workers’ participation in political campaigns; and the third chapter is on the changes and continuities of working life as manifested in work discipline, remuneration and welfare, and education.
摘要 全真教是道教的重要派別，為宋金時期王重陽於山東寧海所創立。其教倡導性命雙修，以苦行的方式最終達至超凡入聖。本講將據早期全真教的文獻，引介其歷史沿革、修持特色、終極關懷。 講者 陸基洋博士於香港浸會大學取得中國語言文學(榮譽)學士，其後於香港科技大學人文學部取得哲學碩士及哲學博士學位。 陸博士曾於香港浸會大學宗教及哲學系及國際學院教授有關中國哲學及批判思考的課程。此外，他亦在香港道教學院定期主講有關道家及道教學說的公開講座。
與會者: 寸雲激 (大理大學) 王偉 (大理大學) 王麗梅 (大理大學) 古正美 (香港科技大學) 李立 (雲南師範大學) 李學龍 (大理大學) 邱月(香港科技大學) 馬健雄 (香港科技大學) 張兆和 (香港科技大學) 張雲霞 (大理白族文化研究院) 黃彩文 (雲南民族大學) 廖迪生 (香港科技大學) 趙敏 (大理大學) 劉震 (復旦大學) 羅勇 (大理大學)
Abstract: Researches and studies on Chan Buddhism (禪宗) are done and discussed in academic field all the time. They are from several dominant approaches of research. However, most of them in which controversial issues of mysticism, cultural difference and historical fact are involved. Just a few of them are focusing on the discussion of philosophy of Chan Buddhism. In addition, issues of how the Chan Buddhism works and how it can enlighten people nowadays are seldom to be elucidated, even under the light of philosophy of Chan Buddhism. In this research, first, I want to introduce a classification on the existing researches of Chan Buddhism. For those researches on the Chan Buddhism, most of them involve, in different degree, a kind of “Irrationalism of Chan Buddhism” that assumes the experience of enlightenment of Chan Buddhism cannot be explained by daily language. I think the “Irrationalism of Chan Buddhism” causes mainly the hinder people nowadays from understanding and try to make use of the wisdom from Chan Buddhism. So, there is a research gap for a new kind of interpretation of Chan Buddhism. Second, my thesis tries to introduce new kind of interpretation: Chan Buddhism as a kind of Philosophical Counseling. Before that, I shall introduce what "Philosophical Counseling" is and how the philosophical counselling can help us to solve the problems in our (daily) life. Third, I will show how the new interpretation of Chan Buddhism gives us a reasonable and practical explanation on how the Chan Buddhism works. Finally, I also want to show you this new interpretation of Chan Buddhism aspires to a new form of philosophical counselling: Philosophical Counseling of Chan Buddhism. This research aims at providing a new perspective on understanding Chan Buddhism and trying to bridge the gap from the profound wisdom of Chan Buddhism to practical daily usage of it.